Use of Essential Oils in pharmaceutical industry
The pharmaceutical industry is the most important user of Essential oils. We include, in this group, all therapeutic and preventive uses, i.e., the use of medicinal plants for their pharmacological activity.
The pharmacological activity of Essential oils is obviously conditioned by the presence in them of certain active molecules, which are able to bond with different structures in living beings, thus modifying them. Synthetic drugs do the same.
The main difference lies in the concentration of these molecules in the drug. This is generally less in the plant, which produces significant differences of action, but also important differences as far as side-effects go. Phytotherapeutic drugs have a less intensive pharmacological action, take longer to act, but also have fewer adverse effects than synthetic ones. Some species stand out above the rest because of a specific compound responsible for the pharmacological activity.
However, it is frequently the case that the effects of administering an Essential oil are different to those of administering just the constituents in isolation. This is why the efficiency of certain phototherapeutic medicines has not been bettered by the administration of isolated active ingredients, as in the cases of the roots of Valeriana officinalis (a sedative), or the roots of the ginseng, Panax ginseng (a stimulant).
When it comes to standards, pharmaceutical grade (British Pharmacopeia), is the one we use. It’s the only scientifically-based grading system available for essential oils. Being a part of this ensures our products’ potency and unbeatable aroma.
Essential oils are also used in the preparation of two other types of therapeutic products: those used in homeopathy, and those used in aromatherapy.
In the case of homeopathy, both medicinal species and toxic plants are used to prepare what are known as “mother tinctures”, from which we obtain the infinitesimal dilutions for homeopathic drugs.
In aromatherapy, essential oils are obtained from raw materials by distillation or pressure. These are administered by inhalation or as external rubs or topically and have several different beneficial effects for human beings.
However, a suitable concentration and dosage can mitigate these problems. In this demanding environment, health professionals recommend that these plant extracts are provided by qualified persons. However, the pharmaceutical specialties on the market allow a safe use of these natural and effective products.
The antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal and anti-parasitic powers of certain Therapeutic Grade Essential oils are no longer to be demonstrated.
Pharmaceutical Grade Essential oils containing phenols (Oregano, Savoury, Thyme thymol or Clove), Aromatic Aldehydes (Cinnamon), Terpene alcohols (thyme to linalool, tea tree, marjoram, etc.), oxides (Eucalyptus Globulus, Myrtle, Niroli…) or Terpenes (pine, citrus zest) are excellent antimicrobials. Moreover, it is important to realize that some of them present a real tropism, a fruitful affinity, for a given organ.
For example, those rich in eucalyptol (oxide) possess activities adapted to the ENT and pulmonary sphere. They are antibacterial, antiviral but also expectorant, mucolytic and immunomodulation.
They can be recommended by oral route, local application but above all by inhalation to disinfect and clear the nose, throat and bronchi in case of colds, rhinitis, naso-pharyngitis or bronchitis.
Eucalyptus supports your respiratory, musculoskeletal, circulatory, and nervous system, allowing you to bring the healing power of a luxury steam room into your home and shower.
You’ll feel refreshed, invigorated, and boosted—especially knowing that the Eucalyptus oil you’re using is a top quality, pharmaceutical grade, essential oil.
Use of Essential Oils in Veterinary Phytotherapy
Pharmaceutical Grade Essential oils of Medicinal plants are increasingly used in prophylaxis in animals which are being fattened. They are used particularly as background treatments or as complements to livestock feeding.